Les autres rapporteurs avertissent que le débat de l'Assemblée générale se poursuit – renforcement du multilatéralisme pour faire face aux défis mondiaux difficiles, mais pas à la souveraineté. ☏ garantie santé entreprise

AFFILIATION D’UN SALARIÉ : COMMENT PROCÉDER ?
C’est à l’employeur de centraliser les documents nécessaires à l’affiliation de ses employés pour les transmettre ensuite à l’organisme complémentaire.

Pour être affilié, un salarié doit remplir une déclaration d’affiliation à laquelle doit être jointe différents documents :

la photocopie de l’attestation de sa carte vitale et celle de chaque membre de la bénéficiant du contrat (selon dispositions imaginés or contrat santé) ;
un relevé d’identité financier ou bien de caisse d’épargne.

Il peut avec de la chance lui être demandé, selon la nature du contrat, de joindre :
les photocopies des certificats de scolarité pour les enfants de plus de 16 ou tout document justifiant de situation ;
son attestation de PACS ;
son certificat de concubinage ;
le certificat de radiation de son ancienne mutuelle horodaté de moins durant une période de trois mois si le contrat santé prévoit un délai de carence.
LES MODALITÉS DE CHANGEMENT DE STATUT D’UN SALARIÉ
En de changement de réglementation socio-professionnel d’un salarié en or sein de l’entreprise, son régime de protection sociale peut aussi être modifié. C’est alors à l’employeur de se charger de l’ensemble des allées et venues auprès de l’organisme d’assurance complémentaire.

RADIATION D’UN SALARIÉ : COMMENT DÉCLARER CETTE MODIFICATION ?
Lorsqu’un salarié quitte son entreprise, l’adhésion d’or contrat collectif santé et/ou prévoyance de laquelle il bénéficiait est résiliée de plein droit. L’ancien employeur doit alors informer l’organisme complémentaire de ce départ pendant écrit, dans les plus brefs délais.

Pour clôturer le dossier santé du salarié et cesser remboursements, le salarié doit remettre sa carte de tiers payant.

Selon le pourquoi de départ de l’entreprise du salarié, l’ancien employeur être tenu, dans le cadre de la portabilité des droits santé et prévoyance, de lui maintenir garanties desquels il bénéficiait pour la rupture du contrat de travail à titre gratuit.

GA / 12198

PLÉNIÈRE GÉNÉRALE D'INSTALLATION
SEPTIEME QUATRIEME SESSION, 11E ET 12E REUNIONS (AM & PM)

L'attention est également attirée sur le nombre de petits pays insulaires, le comportement de l'Iran au Moyen-Orient

Le monde a besoin d’un multilatéralisme plus fort pour relever les défis les plus pressants, du changement climatique à l’éradication de la pauvreté, en passant par les violations des droits de l’homme et la prolifération, mais ses efforts ne peuvent être menés dans le cadre de la souveraineté nationale, principe fondamental de la Charte des Nations Unies. , soulignent les rapporteurs aujourd’hui alors que l’Assemblée générale poursuit son débat annuel commun.

Le vice-Premier ministre et ministre cambodgien des Affaires étrangères et de la Coopération internationale, Prak Sokhon, a déclaré que l'émergence d'un monde multipolaire devrait ouvrir la voie à la coexistence pacifique. Cependant, certains États construisent une nouvelle forme de division mondiale fondée sur des valeurs universelles, rappelant les pires moments de la guerre froide. Selon des raisons humanitaires comme prétexte pour s'immiscer dans les affaires intérieures ou provoquer un changement de régime, il est trompeur et trompeur, ajoutant que des menaces de plus en plus graves pour la sécurité mondiale et l'avenir de la planète sont les conséquences directes d'un multilatéralisme affaibli.

De même, le secrétaire philippin aux Affaires étrangères, Theodore Locsin, a déclaré que l'effondrement du multilatéralisme était alimenté par des gouvernements forts et mal entendus. «Une entreprise solide, c'est bien et la rigueur est justifiée. mais tout est conforme à la loi », a-t-il déclaré. Si certains affirment que les États sapent le multilatéralisme en affirmant leur souveraineté excessive, ils doivent protéger leurs populations par tous les moyens nécessaires. Il a ajouté que le multilatéralisme était menacé par des tentatives arbitraires d'assimiler les fonctions de l'État et de ramener le monde à l'anarchie d'avant-guerre.

Le vice-Premier ministre syrien Walid Al-Moualem a déclaré que le terrorisme demeurait une menace majeure pour tous les États. "L'histoire gardera toujours à l'esprit l'héroïsme de la Syrie dans la lutte contre le terrorisme", a-t-il déclaré, appelant la communauté internationale à faire preuve d'une volonté politique réelle pour mettre fin au "cauchemar mondial". En ce qui concerne le conflit dans son pays, il a déclaré que certains pays souhaitant imposer leur propre ordre du jour insidieux, les résolutions pertinentes du Conseil de sécurité, sont des lettres mortes. Ces pays refusent à la Syrie le droit de se défendre contre des terroristes qu’ils considèrent comme des "combattants de la liberté" ou une "opposition armée syrienne".

Le ministre cubain des Affaires étrangères, Bruno Eduardo Rodríguez Parrilla, a déclaré: "La conduite de l’administration américaine actuelle et sa stratégie de domination militaire et nucléaire menacent la paix et la sécurité internationales." En faisant obstruction au secrétaire d’État, Raúl Castro Ruz, le premier secrétaire américain. Il a insisté sur le fait que Cuba continuerait à s'opposer aux menaces éhontées et au chantage sans obtenir de visa pour assister à l'Assemblée. Washington a lancé "des miettes qui tirent les voix" à l'extrême droite de Cuba et de l'Amérique. ne recevrons aucun rabais de notre part. "

En outre, Kyaw Tint Swe, ministre du Bureau du conseiller d'Etat de la Birmanie, a déclaré que, malgré l'intervention, malgré les attaques de l'Armée du salut Arakhan Rohingya, à l'origine de la crise humanitaire à Rakhine, il avait rejeté les pressions en faveur d'une zone de sécurité. La Cour pénale internationale n'a pas de juridiction sur le Myanmar, a-t-il ajouté, tout en rejetant la création d'un mécanisme d'enquête indépendant du Myanmar, créé par les Nations unies, afin de traduire le pays en justice. Il a demandé aux États membres de séparer la volonté réelle de défendre les droits de l'homme et de saisir le problème à des fins politiques.

Les intervenants ont également attiré l'attention sur les objectifs en matière de changement climatique et de développement durable, dans le cadre du débat général de cette année: "Éradiquer les efforts multilatéraux pour éliminer la pauvreté, une éducation de qualité, l'action pour le climat et l'inclusion".

Minute Alapati Taupo, Vice-Premier Ministre de Tuvalu, a rappelé que Le cycle Pam a perdu 60%. Produit intérieur brut », notant que l'élévation du niveau de la mer constitue une menace existentielle immédiate pour le pays insulaire. Les ressources en eau contaminées et les goulots d'étranglement dans l'agriculture ont une incidence sur les températures dans les récifs et les pêcheries. Il cite un rapport des Nations Unies selon lequel le niveau de la mer va augmenter d'ici 2100. Il peut atteindre 30 à 60 centimètres, de sorte que les petits pays insulaires peuvent être submergés et inhabités. Le Premier ministre malgache, Christian Ntsay, a souligné que les moins responsables étaient les pays les plus vulnérables au changement climatique, son pays émettant moins de 1% des émissions de gaz à effet de serre dans le monde, mais souffrant d'intensification des cyclones et des sécheresses. En réponse, son gouvernement a lancé un programme de reboisement ambitieux, déclarant: "Nous planterons 20 millions d'arbres chaque année pour devenir l'île verte que nous étions autrefois".

Le ministre des Affaires étrangères du Belize, Wilfred P. Elrington, a indiqué que les tempêtes de catégorie 5, autrefois des anomalies, constituaient la nouvelle norme. Il a exhorté la communauté internationale à le faire d’ici 2030. Réduire de moitié les émissions d’ici 2010 par rapport à 2010 et d’ici 2050. Atteindre le zéro net en disant: "Les solutions sont entre nos mains." Le changement climatique a fermé la voie aux pays en développement insulaires pour qu'ils atteignent leurs objectifs de développement durable, a-t-il souligné, appelant la communauté internationale et les Nations unies à autoriser ces pays à accéder à des subventions et à des financements préférentiels, "dont nous sommes incroyablement fermés". .

Le Premier ministre bhoutanais, Lotay, a indiqué que le royaume, largement connu pour sa philosophie du "bonheur national total", s'est engagé à "être l'un des premiers programmeurs" des années 2030. Le programme de développement durable. Décrivant ses progrès dans l’amélioration de l’environnement, il a déclaré que sa contribution à une Terre en meilleure santé n’avait plus de sens par rapport aux choix des autres. "Si nous n'intervenons pas, nous aurons une planète incurable et malade", a-t-il déclaré.

Ann Christin Linde, ministre suédoise des Affaires étrangères, a déclaré: "Tous les jours, les droits des femmes et des filles sont encore violés dans de nombreuses régions du monde", soulignant que la santé et les droits sexuels et reproductifs, y compris le droit à un avortement sans danger et légal, droits fondamentaux de l’homme, elle a déclaré que son pays continuerait à voter fermement pour les droits des LGBT.

Plusieurs intervenants ont critiqué l'Iran pour son comportement déstabilisateur au Moyen-Orient. Le ministre des Affaires étrangères des Émirats arabes unis, Abdullah bin Zayd Al Nahyan, a déclaré que les attaques sur les champs pétrolifères saoudiens menaçaient la sécurité de la région et la stabilité économique mondiale. Un plan d'action complet et exhaustif devait couvrir tous les aspects du comportement de l'Iran, y compris l'ingérence dans les affaires intérieures d'autres États, l'élaboration d'un programme de missiles balistiques et la fourniture d'armes à des groupes terroristes. "Nous parlons ici d'un pays qui cherche à exporter sa propre révolution", a-t-il souligné.

Le ministre bahreïni des Affaires étrangères, Khalid Bin Ahmed Al-Khalifa, a déclaré que le régime iranien et sa garde terroriste révolutionnaire commettaient des violations flagrantes des règles internationales, la création et le maintien d'une milice terroriste et des ingérences répétées dans les affaires intérieures des pays de la région, y compris les leurs. Il a réaffirmé l'engagement de Bahreïn aux efforts déployés par le CCG pour sauver le Yémen face aux menaces de la milice Houthi soutenue par l'Iran.

Le ministre yéménite des Affaires étrangères, Mohammed Abdullah Al-Hadhrami, a déclaré que l'agenda expansionniste de l'Iran consistant à utiliser ses ressources humaines pour mener une guerre autorisée, utilisant des milices capables de subir les formes les plus brutales de destruction et de sabotage, constitue un coup d'État. Yémen. Ces milices, ainsi que les attaques et les vols, ont détruit le rêve du peuple yéménite. Tout en remerciant l'Arabie saoudite de son soutien pour mettre fin à la violence sans frein dans son pays, il a déclaré que ses forces armées héroïques travaillaient à la reconstruction du gouvernement et de ses institutions.

Plusieurs intervenants ont appuyé le programme de réformes du Secrétaire général, qui vise à rendre l'organisation plus axée sur les personnes et moins bureaucratique. Mais le Premier ministre ougandais, Ruhakana Rugunda, a déclaré qu'il était temps de s'attaquer à l'injustice africaine persistante, qui n'a pas de siège permanent au Conseil de sécurité, étant donné que plus d'un milliard de personnes vivent sur le continent, représentant 70% de l'ordre du jour du Conseil. Naledi Pandor, ministre sud-africain des Relations internationales et de la Coopération, a proposé deux sièges permanents et cinq sièges non permanents pour l’Afrique.

Le vice-Premier ministre vietnamien, Pham Binh Minh, a déclaré qu'il serait un futur membre non permanent du Conseil de 2020 à 2121. Et, en tant que président de l'Association des nations de l'Asie du Sud-Est (ANASE) en 2020, son pays fera de son mieux pour travailler avec les États membres afin d'instaurer une paix et un développement durables. Toutefois, il a souligné la nécessité pour toute la communauté internationale de faire revivre le multilatéralisme, de renforcer l’ONU, de respecter le droit international et de réaffirmer la Charte des Nations Unies.

Le pape François Pietro Cardinal Parolin, secrétaire d'État du Saint-Siège, a déclaré que l'importance du multilatéralisme permettait à des millions de personnes de sortir de la pauvreté, de la résolution des conflits, de la lutte contre les épidémies et de la protection des migrants et des réfugiés. Exprimant sa préoccupation devant la prolifération des armes dans le monde, il a appelé à une coopération multilatérale plus étroite dans l’élimination des armes nucléaires.

Les chefs de gouvernement et les ministres représentant les pays suivants: Madagascar, Kirghizistan, Saint-Marin, Mexique, Botswana, Grenade, Iles Marshall, Guinée-Bissau, Oman, Turkménistan, République démocratique populaire lao, Azerbaïdjan, Mongolie et Mozambique ont également pris la parole aujourd'hui. , Haïti et le Congo.

Des représentants du Guatemala, d'Indonésie, d'Arménie, du Pakistan, des Émirats arabes unis et d'Azerbaïdjan ont pris la parole sur le droit de réponse.

L’Assemblée générale se réunira le lundi 30 septembre à 9 heures pour clore son débat général.

Les déclarations

Le Premier ministre du Bhoutan, LOTAY TSHERING, a déclaré que l'engagement de sa campagne à "combler le fossé" était compatible avec les années 2030. L'ordre du jour promet de ne laisser personne derrière. Soulignant que la gratuité des soins de santé et de l'éducation est juridiquement contraignante pour tous les citoyens, il a déclaré que, si le Bhoutan est un pays aux ressources limitées, le secteur social est une priorité. Il a ajouté que les enseignants sont désormais des fonctionnaires très bien payés et que le gouvernement envisage de mettre en œuvre un certain nombre d'initiatives en faveur de la santé maternelle, dont l'une vise à fournir des soins prénatals et prénatals. Il a souligné que cela s'ajoutait à la gratuité totale des soins secondaires et tertiaires. système. Le Bhoutan atteindra la couverture maladie universelle jusqu'en 2030, a-t-il ajouté.

Soulignant le statut négatif du charbon de son pays, pour lequel il a remercié les "monarques visionnaires", il a reconnu la philosophie nationale du "développement avec des valeurs" pour la grande couverture forestière du Bhoutan de 72%. Il a ensuite parlé de la politique de construction écologique du gouvernement, de l'utilisation de sources d'énergie renouvelables et d'initiatives visant à remplacer les combustibles fossiles par des énergies propres. "Ironiquement, ces contributions n'ont pas de sens en raison des choix que d'autres ont faits", a-t-il déclaré, notant que ceux qui le peuvent ne font pas assez. "Si nous n'intervenons pas, nous aurons une planète incurable et malade", a-t-il averti.

En parlant de 2030 À l'ordre du jour, il a déclaré que le Bhoutan s'était engagé à être un "participant précoce", rappelant que le gouvernement avait présenté son enquête nationale volontaire en juillet dernier et qu'il le présenterait ensuite. Il a ajouté qu'avec les plans de reclassement. Étant l'un des pays les moins avancés en 2023, le Bhoutan a identifié des secteurs clés sur lesquels se concentrer, notamment l'eau durable, la gestion des déchets et l'agriculture biologique. Il a rappelé que, dans deux revues précédentes, le Bhoutan était éligible aux index sociaux et de revenu, mais ne correspondait pas à l'indice de vulnérabilité économique. Il a déclaré que les défis subsistaient – faire en sorte que les populations vulnérables ne soient pas touchées par le changement climatique et les catastrophes naturelles, notant que les ressources limitées constituent un obstacle.

Il a également souligné que, si le Bhoutan avait une "confiance inébranlable" aux Nations Unies, l'Organisation, et en particulier le Conseil de sécurité, devait évoluer et se tenir au courant de l'évolution des réalités. Il a ajouté que l'accent mis sur le soutien du Bhoutan à l'expansion du Conseil, avec l'Afrique "correctement représentée", appelle à des réformes plus larges afin que les Nations Unies restent légitimes, efficaces et crédibles. Parlant de la participation de son pays aux opérations de maintien de la paix des Nations Unies depuis 2014, Et lors de la signature de l’Accord sur le niveau de déploiement rapide, il a déclaré que son contingent était "prêt à être déployé sans condition".

Le Premier ministre ougandais, RUHAKANA RUGUNDA, a déclaré que Kampala se tiendra au Sommet du Sud en 2020. Avril Notant que la mise en œuvre intégrée des objectifs de développement durable par son pays accordait la priorité à l'éradication de la pauvreté et à la fourniture d'une éducation de qualité, il a déclaré qu'il y avait un manque de financement en 2030. Pour mettre en œuvre l'agenda. Le développement durable reste un défi majeur. Tandis que l'Ouganda cherche à mobiliser des ressources nationales par le biais des exportations, du tourisme et de la promotion de mécanismes nationaux intégrés de financement, les partenaires de développement doivent honorer leurs engagements et fournir une aide en temps utile. Parlant des effets du changement climatique, il a déclaré que cela incluait les inondations, la sécheresse et la fonte des glaces sur le mont Rwenzori. Il a ajouté que le gouvernement prenait des mesures pour réduire les émissions de carbone, appelant les pays développés à accroître leur soutien financier à la lutte contre le changement climatique.

Il a déclaré que l'Ouganda soutenait la proposition selon laquelle d'ici 2020 La Conférence des Parties à la Convention sur la diversité biologique (CDB) prendrait des mesures audacieuses pour assurer la durabilité de la planète, notamment en réservant au moins 30% de ses terres à des zones protégées. S'exprimant sur les efforts de son gouvernement pour établir une couverture sanitaire universelle, il a souligné que les maladies telles que le virus Ebola n'ont pas de frontières, soulignant la volonté de l'Ouganda d'intensifier la coopération internationale pour lutter contre les épidémies. Il a également souligné la nécessité pour l'ONU de continuer à soutenir les initiatives de prévention et de règlement des conflits prises par l'Union africaine et l'Autorité intergouvernementale pour le développement (IGAD) sur la base de la division du travail et du partage de la charge. Il a déclaré que les efforts déployés par les organisations régionales et sous-régionales épuisées au Soudan ont montré l'intérêt de rechercher des solutions africaines aux problèmes africains, exhortant la communauté internationale à soutenir la dynamique positive du Soudan du Sud.

Il devrait également combler l’écart entre l’engagement d’une force de sécurité nationale somalienne et la mise en œuvre de la Mission de l’Union africaine en Somalie (AMISOM). Accueillant avec satisfaction le programme de réformes du Secrétaire général, il a déclaré que l'Ouganda était fier d'accueillir le centre de services régional des Nations Unies à Entebbe, soulignant que celui-ci avait permis de gagner en efficacité et d'économiser sur les coûts au fil des ans. Selon la session en cours de l'Assemblée générale, qui examinera le modèle de service universel, l'Ouganda s'attend à ce que les États membres soutiennent Entebbe en tant que site du Centre mondial de services partagés. Il a souligné qu'avec l'absence d'un siège permanent de l'Afrique au Conseil de sécurité, avec plus d'un milliard de personnes et 70% de l'ordre du jour du Conseil, il est temps de s'attaquer à cette injustice de longue date.

Il a en outre souligné que l'Ouganda accueillait plus de 1,3 million de réfugiés, plus que tout autre pays d'Afrique. Le gouvernement les prend en charge dans l’esprit de l’ensemble de l’esprit africain et les considère comme des frères et des sœurs fuyant les conflits et les souffrances à la recherche de la paix et de la sécurité. Toutefois, considérant par exemple qu’ils ont un impact négatif sur l’environnement sur une longue période, il a indiqué qu’ils détruisaient environ 15 000 hectares de forêt et de savane pour les matériaux de construction, le bois de chauffage et le fourrage. Soulignant que la solidarité n’est pas une voie à sens unique, il a appelé à un partage plus équitable de la charge et à un soutien plus efficace des réfugiés, conformément aux obligations internationales.

Le Premier ministre malgache, CHRISTIAN NTSAY, a déclaré que dans un monde en crise, les pays devaient redoubler d'efforts pour éliminer la pauvreté et assurer un développement inclusif. Il a ajouté que les États membres devaient inciter le multilatéralisme à se reconnaître dans les valeurs des Nations Unies. En tant qu’économie émergente, Madagascar est déterminée à rattraper ses retards de développement, at-il souligné, notant que le gouvernement s’était engagé dans des réformes ambitieuses qui renforceraient la démocratie et l’unité nationale. Il promouvra et respecterait également les libertés individuelles et favoriserait une société civile dynamique avec la participation active des jeunes et des femmes, a-t-il promis. Garantir les droits de l'homme est une priorité, a-t-il souligné.

Il a également déclaré que Madagascar ferait un effort concerté pour réformer ses systèmes pénitentiaire et judiciaire et renforcer son filet de sécurité sociale. S'agissant de la situation en matière de sécurité dans le pays, il s'est dit préoccupé par le "comportement inacceptable et meurtrier" de Dahal, de la part des passeurs de bétail qui violent des femmes et tuent des hommes afin de renforcer leur réseau de reproduction de zébu. Il a dit que cela devait cesser, soulignant la détermination des forces de sécurité à protéger les victimes de leur dévaluation. Les mesures de renforcement de la sécurité comprennent la construction de nouvelles bases et de nouvelles prisons locales, ainsi que la mise en place d'un programme sur les copeaux de bovins et l'interdiction d'exporter du bétail zébu.

S'agissant des priorités du secteur social, il a déclaré que Madagascar s'était engagé à améliorer et élargir l'accès à l'éducation et aux soins de santé universels, notant que le gouvernement avait construit de nouvelles écoles en plus du recrutement et de la formation d'éducateurs. Soulignant que les économies émergentes sont confrontées au défi de rendre le développement plus inclusif, il a souligné l'engagement de son gouvernement dans la lutte contre la pauvreté, l'instabilité et les inégalités "sans précédent". Il a également décrit diverses mesures de développement telles que le doublement de la production d'électricité, la diversification de l'industrialisation et l'amélioration de la sécurité alimentaire. Il a déclaré que Madagascar avait des ambitions réalistes d'atteindre ses objectifs de développement durable grâce à une utilisation efficace des ressources, mais il espérait un soutien international.

S'agissant de l'environnement, il a noté que le succès de l'Accord de Paris dans la réalisation de ses objectifs dépend d'une contribution déterminée au niveau national, qui est actuellement insuffisante. "J'appelle les signataires à assumer la responsabilité de la lutte contre les tendances actuelles", a-t-il déclaré, soulignant que ceux qui souffrent du changement climatique sont les moins responsables. Il a noté que Madagascar émettait moins de 1% des émissions de gaz à effet de serre de la planète, mais était de plus en plus troublé par l'intensification des cyclones, des sécheresses et des bouleversements du calendrier agricole, soulignant ainsi l'engagement de son pays à protéger ses ressources naturelles. Il a ajouté que le gouvernement avait entrepris un ambitieux programme de reboisement, déclarant: "Nous planterons 20 millions d'arbres chaque année pour devenir l'île verte que nous étions autrefois".

Le secrétaire d'Etat au Saint-Siège, PIETRO CARDINAL PAROLIN, a déclaré que le pape François exhortait tous les acteurs internationaux à promouvoir le dialogue, en soulignant l'importance du multilatéralisme pour sortir des millions de personnes de la pauvreté, résoudre les conflits, lutter contre les épidémies et protéger les migrants. les réfugiés. Exprimant sa préoccupation devant la situation au Moyen-Orient, il a déclaré que les conflits en Syrie et au Yémen nécessitaient une coopération efficace pour assurer la paix et la reconstruction. En outre, le processus de paix israélo-palestinien révèle le risque de mesures et de décisions unilatérales, a-t-il ajouté, appelant à une réponse commune. En outre, at-il ajouté, soulignant la nécessité d'atténuer les souffrances des deux populations, une situation préoccupante au Venezuela et au Nicaragua. Il a cité le processus de paix colombien comme un exemple inspirant d'un multilatéralisme efficace.

Rappelant l'engagement du Saint-Siège de protéger les femmes et les enfants contre les violences sexuelles généralisées dans les conflits armés, il a souligné que l'utilisation de la violence sexuelle comme arme de guerre est inacceptable et doit être arrêtée. La prolifération des armes est particulièrement préoccupante dans la mesure où elle exacerbe la violence, les conflits et la guerre, a-t-il ajouté, appelant à une coopération multilatérale plus étroite dans l'élimination des armes nucléaires. Il a noté que la Convention sur les armes nucléaires et le Traité d'interdiction complète des essais nucléaires étaient importants pour la réalisation d'un monde exempt d'armes nucléaires. L'un des derniers triomphes du multilatéralisme, a-t-il déclaré, a été la mobilisation mondiale pour sortir les populations de l'extrême pauvreté, rappelant que la réalisation des objectifs du Millénaire pour le développement avait permis à près d'un milliard de personnes d'atteindre cet objectif.

Parlant du multilatéralisme dans la fourniture d'une éducation de qualité, il a indiqué que le pape François avait récemment établi une "Alliance de l'éducation" dans laquelle il renouvelait son appel au dialogue sur la manière de façonner l'avenir de la planète. Il a également souligné la nécessité de mobiliser les talents de tous, car tout changement nécessite un processus éducatif visant à développer une nouvelle solidarité mondiale, a-t-il ajouté. S'agissant du changement climatique, il a souligné la nécessité d'une coopération multilatérale plus efficace entre les pays développés et les pays en développement, l'accent étant mis sur Amazon. Le 6 octobre, le pape François réunira un synode d'évêques du monde entier pour la région amazonienne, a-t-il noté. Pour soutenir l'accès aux droits fondamentaux de l'homme, il a déclaré qu'ils étaient souvent rejetés dans les cas de conflit et de violence généralisée. Soulignant le nombre croissant d'attaques dirigées contre des croyants religieux, il a exprimé le soutien du Saint-Siège au Pacte mondial pour une migration sûre, ordonnée et régulière.

Le vice-Premier ministre vietnamien et ministre des Affaires étrangères, PHAM BINH MINH, a déclaré que le multilatéralisme, au cœur des Nations Unies, était devenu nécessaire pour que les États développent une approche commune de tous les aspects de la gouvernance mondiale, tout en générant des idées pouvant être abordées. défis de sécurité et améliorer la qualité de la vie. "Nous pouvons être fiers du monde de la paix, de la coopération et du développement", a-t-il déclaré, soulignant le succès des efforts de paix menés au Mali, au Libéria, au Sud-Soudan et en Côte d'Ivoire, se félicitant du dialogue entre les Etats-Unis et les démocrates populaires. République de Corée. Il a ajouté que la réduction de la mortalité maternelle et infantile et l’élargissement de l’accès à l’enseignement primaire ont également contribué au développement mondial.

Toutefois, face à des défis de plus en plus complexes tels que le changement climatique, les maladies pandémiques et les conflits prolongés, le multilatéralisme doit faire face à de graves problèmes, a-t-il averti, soulignant que les intérêts nationaux interprétés de manière étroite, la politique des grandes puissances, la coercition, la confrontation et la confrontation contournaient la coopération dialogue et respect du droit international. Les dépenses militaires mondiales sont au plus haut niveau et, selon les mots du Secrétaire général, le monde est au bord d'une nouvelle guerre froide. La coopération multilatérale occupe une place particulière dans la politique étrangère du Vietnam, a-t-il déclaré, soulignant la façon dont l'ONU et d'autres organisations internationales ont aidé son pays à reconstruire son pays après une décennie de guerre. Le Vietnam s'en tient à 2030. Il a ajouté à l'ordre du jour ainsi qu'à l'Accord de Paris sur les changements climatiques, en promettant que son gouvernement prendrait des mesures concrètes pour interdire les plastiques jetables d'ici 2025.

En tant que membre permanent du Conseil de sécurité de 2020 à 2021, le Vietnam fera tout ce qui est en son pouvoir pour collaborer avec les États membres en faveur d'une paix et d'un développement durables, a-t-il poursuivi. Cependant, il est essentiel que l'ensemble de la communauté internationale s'efforce de relancer le multilatéralisme et de renforcer l'ONU, soulignant à cet égard l'importance cruciale du droit international et la nécessité de la ratification universelle de la Charte des Nations Unies. Tout en exhortant les pays concernés de la mer de Chine méridionale à respecter le droit international, en particulier la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer, il a également exhorté le pays concerné à faire preuve de retenue et à s'abstenir de toute action unilatérale susceptible d'exacerber ou d'exacerber les tensions. Il a souligné que les différends devaient être réglés à l'amiable conformément au droit international, y compris à la Convention.

Il a également déclaré qu'en 2020 Sous la présidence de l'Association des nations de l'Asie du Sud-Est (ANASE), le Vietnam cherchera à renforcer la coopération entre le Conseil de sécurité et les organisations régionales, en particulier dans les domaines de la prévention des conflits et de la paix durable. Il travaillera à accélérer le programme des Nations Unies sur les femmes, la paix et la stabilité, les enfants et les conflits armés, et soutiendra la reconstruction après le conflit, en particulier la lutte antimines. Tout en se félicitant des efforts de réforme du système de développement des Nations Unies et des méthodes de travail du Conseil visant à accroître la transparence, la démocratie et l'efficacité, il a souligné que les Nations Unies et le système multilatéral ne peuvent être mandatés que si chaque État s'engage davantage pour les intérêts internationaux. communauté plutôt que d’intérêts nationaux étroitement définis. Ce n’est qu’alors qu’il pourra entamer un nouveau chapitre plus brillant de l’histoire de l’humanité.

Le vice-Premier ministre et ministre cambodgien des Affaires étrangères et de la Coopération internationale, PRAK SOKHONN, a déclaré que son pays avait une triste histoire d'être l'un des récits les plus explosifs de l'humanité "à une époque où la guerre se déroulait sans guerre". L’émergence d’un monde multipolaire devrait permettre la coexistence pacifique, mais certains États, sur la base de valeurs universelles, encouragent une nouvelle forme de division mondiale qui ressemble aux pires moments de la guerre froide, a-t-il déclaré. Il a souligné qu'il était trompeur et frauduleux d'utiliser des motifs humanitaires comme prétexte pour s'ingérer dans les affaires intérieures ou provoquer un changement de régime. Le résultat est un monde rempli d'incertitude, a-t-il ajouté, évoquant la concurrence géopolitique, les conflits armés, le terrorisme, le protectionnisme, le changement climatique et une nouvelle course aux armements.

Il a également déclaré que les menaces de plus en plus graves pour la sécurité mondiale et l'avenir de la planète étaient la conséquence directe de l'affaiblissement du multilatéralisme, soulignant que le protectionnisme et l'auto-isolement ne mèneraient nulle part. Le développement inclusif requiert le dialogue et le partenariat, et non la confrontation et l'agression, a-t-il ajouté, ajoutant que le monde tenait trop longtemps pour acquis ses ressources naturelles. "Ils nous ont embarrassés et maintenant ils sont fous pour nous." Appelant les grands et les petits pays à fusionner et à créer des financements innovants pour promouvoir la croissance verte et renforcer la résilience, il a déclaré qu'ils pourraient soutenir la mise en œuvre de l'Accord de Paris.

Passant en revue les développements au Cambodge, il a attribué la montée du multilatéralisme et de l’économie ouverte à un taux de croissance annuel moyen de plus de 7% en 20 ans. Il a déclaré que le Cambodge passerait l'essentiel de ses années 2030 dans le pays. Il a atteint les objectifs du Programme à l'avance et a inclus le principe selon lequel personne ne peut se laisser distancer par les politiques et actions nationales. Le pays a déployé plus de 6 300 casques bleus dans huit des huit missions de maintien de la paix de l'organisation en Afrique et au Moyen-Orient, sous les auspices de la Partie des Nations Unies chargée du maintien de la paix. Parallèlement, le gouvernement accorde la priorité aux droits fondamentaux du peuple cambodgien, notamment le droit à l'alimentation, à la santé, à l'éducation, au logement et à la mobilité.

Néanmoins, le pays fait face à de sérieux défis, a-t-il averti, notant que la popularité de l'opposition grandissait à cause de la démagogie, du racisme et de la xénophobie. Son président a déclaré à ses partisans qu'il recevait du financement et de l'assistance technique de puissances étrangères pour renverser le gouvernement, a-t-il déclaré. En réponse, le gouvernement a mis en place des lois différentes de celles de l'Ouest lorsqu'un parti politique est illégal. Il a noté que le Cambodge était accusé d'avoir justifié l'imposition de sanctions à certains. Les Cambodgiens, comme d’autres pays, ne veulent que la liberté d’être eux-mêmes, de choisir et de défendre pacifiquement leurs intérêts nationaux et leur souveraineté, a-t-il déclaré, soulignant que son pays souhaitait une coopération sincère avec tous les États mais n’intervenait jamais ni ne portait atteinte à sa souveraineté. en échange de toute aide ou priorité.

Sirijos ministro pirmininko pavaduotojas ir užsienio reikalų bei emigrantų ministras WALIDAS AL-MOUALEMAS teigė, kad pasaulis atsidūrė kryžkelėje, kai kyla konfliktai ir grėsmė taikai ir saugumui, neaiškus subalansuotos pasaulio ekonomikos likimas ir tarptautinių įstatymas tapo norma. Pažymėjęs, kad terorizmas tebekelia didelę grėsmę visiems, įskaitant Siriją, jis teigė, kad daugiau nei aštuonerius metus jo šalis nukentėjo nuo teroristų grupuočių, kurios paskerdė nekaltus žmones ir sukėlė didžiulę humanitarinę krizę. „Istorija amžinai atsimins Sirijos didvyriškumą kovoje su terorizmu“, – sakė jis, primindamas jų pastangas kovoti su ekstremizmu ir neapykantos bei mirties ideologiją, kuriai pritaria tokios grupuotės kaip Islamo valstybė Irake ir Levantas (ISIL / Da'esh). ), „Al-Nusra“, taip pat jų rėmėjai ir rėmėjai.

Pasižadėjęs tęsti šią kovą, kol nebus pašalintas paskutinis teroristas, jis paragino visas šalis vykdyti tikrą politinę valią nutraukti šį „visuotinį košmarą“. Pažymėjęs, kad atitinkamos Saugumo tarybos rezoliucijos liko negyvas laiškas, jis teigė, kad kai kurios šalys iš tikrųjų investuoja į terorizmą, naudodamos jį kaip įrankį, kuriuo jos gali primesti savo klastingas darbotvarkes kitoms vyriausybėms ir tautoms. Šios šalys nesuteikia Sirijai teisės gintis nuo teroristų, kuriuos laiko „laisvės kovotojais“ ar „Sirijos ginkluota opozicija“, pažymėjo jis, perspėjęs, kad remiant tokias frakcijas terorizmas vėl atsiras stipresnis nei bet kada anksčiau. Pointing out that Idlib Governorate hosts the world’s largest gathering of foreign terrorist fighters, he said the Government of Syria has suspended military operations and engaged in political initiatives aimed at resolving that situation, including under the Sochi Agreement. However, the Turkish regime has failed to fulfil its own commitments in Idlib and has provided support and weapons to the terrorists, he added.

Pointing out that Turkey and the United States maintain an illegal military presence in northern Syria, he said they arrogantly plan their policies there without consulting the Syrian Government, in contravention of international law. All those occupying forces must withdraw immediately, he said, stressing that Syria has the right to take any and all counter-measures if they refuse. He went on to decry “terrorist, criminal and oppressive practices” by secessionist militias of the so-called Syrian Democratic Forces in Hasaka, Raqqa, Deir-ez-Zor and Aleppo with support from the United States, and demanded that Turkey abide by the Astana agreements. Syria continues to engage closely with the Secretary-General’s Special Envoy and has agreed with him the terms of reference and rules of procedure for the new Constitutional Committee, he said, adding that Syria is undertaking tremendous efforts to improve the dire humanitarian situation.

Syria’s progress continues despite the illegal, inhumane economic blockade imposed by some countries, he said, noting that sanctions have restricted access to medicine, oil products needed for electricity, household gas and heating fuel. Calling on all peace-loving nations to adopt effective measures to counter those measures, he said they are imposed not only on Syria but also on many other countries. Israel, for its part, has launched yet another phase of its regional escalation, not only occupying Arab territories such as the Syrian Golan, but also attacking Syria and neighbouring countries under false pretexts, he said. Spotlighting “blind support” for Israel on the part of certain countries, he emphasized that the decision by the United States to recognize that country’s false sovereignty over the occupied Syrian Golan is null and void. Israel must be compelled to allow the Palestinian people to establish their own sovereign State, he stressed, while expressing support for Iran in the face of irresponsible measures by the United States, including its withdrawal from the 2015 Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action.

MINUTE ALAPATI TAUPO, Deputy Prime Minister of Tuvalu, expressed thanks for the Secretary-General’s visit to his island nation last May to see first-hand the extreme vulnerabilities the country faces from rising sea levels due to climate change. Recalling that a cyclone “wiped out 60 per cent of our gross domestic product” in 2015, he said rising sea levels are a direct existential threat because Tuvalu is no more than three metres above sea level. Its water resources have been contaminated, agriculture is more difficult, rising temperatures are damaging reefs and fisheries, and food and water security is severely compromised. “A life of fear and uncertainty is becoming our way of life,” he said, citing a United Nations report that says sea-level rise could reach 30 to 60 centimetres by 2100, effectively rendering small island countries submerged and uninhabitable.

He went on to recall that young people from Tuvalu attended the United Nations Youth Climate Summit in order to tell their stories about living in such a vulnerable place, and to deliver the strong message that “they want to preserve their cultural identity and traditional knowledge”. A report by the United Nations Special Rapporteur established that the very cultural survival of Tuvalu’s people is at risk, he said, stressing that the target 1.5°C increase in global temperature is not enough to save countries such as his own. He demanded that the voices of Tuvaluans be heard “loud and clear”, citing the Secretary-General’s words: “The world must save Tuvalu to avoid the world drowning with Tuvalu.”

Among the measures taken to tackle prevailing challenges, Tuvalu is committed to generating 100 per cent of its electricity from renewable sources by 2025, he said, adding that the Government has created a climate change survival public fund to provide immediate relief and assistance when natural disasters strike. Demanding financial and technological resources from developed nations, he declared: “We have what we need to save the planet, all we lack is political commitment, especially from those who are well sourced and better equipped to help.” He applauded efforts by some members to place climate change on the Security Council’s agenda and expressed hope that the organ will adopt it as a permanent item.

He went on to underline that ensuring the security of Tuvalu’s exclusive economic zone is a national priority, saying that international law should be developed further in order to ensure that once maritime zones are delineated, they cannot be challenged or reduced as a result of rising sea levels. “Our sovereignty cannot be compromised by climate change,” he reiterated. On another note, he lamented the exclusion of Taiwan, a “durable and genuine partner”, from the United Nations systems and affirmed Tuvalu’s support for its “readmission into the UN as a founding member”. He also deplored the economic embargo imposed on Cuba, explaining that it constricts that country’s development and neglects the human rights and spirit of cooperation encapsulated in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.

CHINGIZ AIDARBEKOV, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Kyrgyzstan, recalled his country’s achievements in developing parliamentary democracy and strengthening the civil sector. The Government takes steps to optimize the work of State institutions, including reforming legal and fiscal bodies on the basis of transparency and responsibility, he added. Kyrgyzstan continues to address socioeconomic problems affecting unemployment, education, health care and infrastructure, among other sectors, he said. Concerning implementation of the concept of transformation for digital Kyrgyzstan 2019-2023, he said substantial measures are being employed to digitize the country on all levels, from kindergartens to university. Kyrgyzstan also introduced an Ombudsman for business and created a liberal investment and tax regime. He went on to say that, as a member of the Group of Friends of Mountainous Countries, Kyrgyzstan focuses on the issue of development in such countries and welcomes all efforts initiating environmental rehabilitation.

During the 2019 General Assembly, Kyrgyzstan held a high-level event on the risks of uranium mining in Central Asia, he said, citing in that context the 2018 General Assembly resolution on “Strengthening regional and international cooperation to ensure peace, stability and sustainable development in the Central Asian region”. Today, Central Asian countries face the issue of water and energy resources, which are vital for preserving the entire global balance. He stressed the importance of green energy and access to safe drinking water, citing Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) statistics that show Kyrgyzstan has the lowest access to drinking water per capita. Around 40 per cent of the rural population lack access to clean drinking water, he added, explaining that the Government is currently implementing project “Clean Water” to serve villages.

Current global events show that no State can counter modern challenges alone due to threats of international terrorism and extremism, trafficking in arms and drugs as well as conflict and cross-border crime, he said, stressing the need for constructive cooperation and comprehensive measures to fight such challenges. Reaffirming Kyrgyzstan’s commitment to the United Nations Global Counter-terrorism Strategy, he called upon the international community to coordinate counter-terror measures in accordance with resolution 2178 (2014), which addressed the growing threat posed by foreign terrorist fighters. He went on to state that Kyrgyzstan applied to be a non-permanent member of the Security Council for the period 2027-2028, and recalled his country’s ratification of nine international treaties on human rights, underlining its commitment to protecting human rights and supporting peacebuilding operations.

BRUNO EDUARDO RODRÍGUEZ PARRILLA, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Cuba, denounced the recent application by the Government of the United States of criminal, non-conventional measures to prevent the supply of fuel to Cuba by threatening third party States. Cuba stands prepared to defend itself against that country’s escalating aggression, including its persecution of Cuban banking with the rest of the world and imposition of severe travel restrictions. Recalling the history of the six-decades-old embargo, he said it is intended to cause hunger, desperation and the Government’s overthrow, describing the illegal Helms-Burton Act of 1996 as a stark attempt to prevent his country from governing itself, and to illegally impose the jurisdiction of United States courts over Cuba’s economic, commercial and financial activities.

Every year, he continued, Washington, D.C., maintains its policies of political subversion and its attempts to weaken the unity of the Cuban people. Just days ago, it prevented Raúl Castro Ruz, First Secretary of the Communist Party, from obtaining a visa to attend the General Assembly, he recalled. “This is nothing but vote-catching crumbs that are being tossed to the Cuban-American extreme right,” he said, rejecting such actions as a reflection of the baseness and rottenness of the United States Administration, “which is drowning in a sea of corruption, lies and immorality”. He recalled that during his address to the Assembly, President Donald Trump blamed Cuba for the failed plan to overthrow the Bolivarian Government of Venezuela, a script then repeated by the President of Brazil. He pointed out that both countries also attack the international medical cooperation programmes that Cuba shares with many other developing countries, which are designed to help the neediest communities.

Underlining his country’s determination to continue its resistance to such shameless threats and blackmail, he declared that they “will not extract a single concession from us”. Bilateral relations between Cuba and Venezuela are based on mutual respect and solidarity, he said, adding that Cuba continues to support the legitimate Government, headed by President Nicolás Maduro. Condemning the encouragement of coups d’état, assassinations and economic warfare by the United States, he called for greater awareness around the world of the need to end unilateral coercive measures. Noting that the United States regularly attacks socialism with clear electoral aims — as witnessed during the President’s speech on 24 September — he said it ignores the responsibility of neoliberal capitalism for exacerbating social and economic inequality, fostering corruption, increasing crime and engendering racial intolerance and xenophobia.

Rejecting Washington’s persecution of political leaders — including former president Luis Ignacio “Lula” da Silva of Brazil — he decried its attempts to destabilize the Government of Nicaragua and expressed his commitment to the free self-determination and independence of the people of Puerto Rico. “The behaviour of the current United States Administration and its strategy of military and nuclear domination are a threat to international peace and security,” he said, adding that its recent withdrawal from the Treaty on the Elimination of Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Nuclear Missiles (INF Treaty) is intended to launch a new arms race.

He went on to reiterate Cuba’s support for the creation of a sovereign and independent Palestinian State as part of a two-State solution; its unwavering solidarity with the Saharan people; its solidarity with Iran in the face of aggressive escalations by the United States; and its support of dialogue between the parties on the Korean Peninsula. He also warned that expanding the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) to the borders of the Russian Federation creates grave dangers. On climate change, he welcomed the recent student marches around the globe, emphasizing that the issue is a matter of survival, particularly for small island developing States. “The special and differentiated treatment of the countries of the (global) South in international economic relations can no longer be overlooked,” he said, while rejecting politicization, selectivity, punitive approaches and double standards in addressing global human rights questions. He called on countries to develop new ways to counter hegemonic thinking and to take decisive political action both in the streets and at the ballot.

NICOLA RENZI, Minister for Foreign and Political Affairs with Functions of Prime Minister of San Marino, said recent global political developments have put the future of development and multilateralism at risk. “The challenges posed today by protectionism and isolationism must and can be countered by the rules of international law, which have guided Member States for decades,” she said, pledging San Marino’s commitment to those principles. However, multilateralism cannot be a mere statement of collective intentions, but must instead translate into concrete action, she emphasized. Spotlighting her country’s successes to date in implementing the 2030 Agenda, she said San Marino recently joined the “SDG 25+5 Cities Project”, managed by the United Nations Global Sustainability Index Institute and the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS), which will help to transform San Marino into a project hub, including in the area of sustainable agriculture.

Calling for broad acceleration in the implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals, she said gaps in that process exist not only between but also within countries, noting the most vulnerable continue to lag behind. Without effective action, global warming will only amplify existing adaptation challenges and increase the sense of vulnerability among large segments of the world’s population. Outlining San Marino’s efforts to intensify its commitment to environmental sustainability, she said it now ranks among the top countries in the world in the production of photovoltaic energy per capita. Turning to the challenge of persistent global poverty — including extreme poverty, often exacerbated by violent conflict or natural disasters — she said the principle of “leaving no one behind” necessitates specific measures to support people in vulnerable situations.

Children in particular pay the highest price in terms of conflict and human rights violations, he said. Many lose their lives, are kidnapped or raped, used as human shields or recruited as soldiers. As a member of the Group of Friends of Children in Armed Conflict, San Marino has ratified the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child concerning their involvement in armed conflict, he said. He also called attention to the critical role of women in building sustainable, resilient and inclusive societies, pledging to continue to pursue gender equality and to invest in women. In that regard, he noted that San Marino has signed on to the initiative known as “Invest in Women and Girls in Science for Inclusive Green Growth”. It also supports the Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular Migration and the proposed code of conduct requiring Security Council members to refrain from using veto power in cases of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes, he said.

ANN CHRISTIN LINDE, Foreign Minister of Sweden, noted that the seventy-fifth anniversary of the creation of the United Nations is just a year away, yet the Organization’s significant achievements and those of other multilateral institutions such as the World Trade Organization are increasingly questioned, a trend that can weaken international cooperation. Yet climate change is the defining crisis of modern times, she said, applauding the massive demonstrations by young people around the world. “We cannot let them down, we must not let them down,” she emphasized, expressing hope that the challenge posed by climate change can be turned into an opportunity. With the goal of becoming the world’s first fossil-free welfare nation in mind, Sweden launched the Leadership Group for Industry Transition, in collaboration with India and the World Economic Forum, an initiative that will speed up industrial transition to meet Paris Agreement requirements and the 2030 Agenda.

She went on to warn that democracy may be losing ground, while demanding that more be done to counter growing inequalities, nationalistic narratives and corruption. Similarly, human rights around the world “are under attack”, she said, affirming that “Sweden will continue to be a strong voice for LGBT rights”. She said her country considers any persecution of religious and other minorities unacceptable and affirmed Sweden’s commitment to fighting anti-Semitism. Sweden will protest attacks against freedom of expression, the silencing of journalists and media actors as well as the harassment of human rights defenders. While expressing pride in her position as Foreign Minister in Sweden’s feminist Government, she noted: “Every day, in many parts of the world, women’s and girl’s rights are still being violated,” emphasizing that every woman and girl must have the right to make her own decisions about her body and her life. “This is a basic human right,” she insisted. “Sexual and reproductive health and rights are fundamental human rights, including the right to safe and legal abortion.”

Pledging that Sweden will continue to devote 1 per cent of its gross national income (GNI) to official development assistance (ODA), she said trade is an important instrument for economic development and for reducing poverty, but it must be based on a “strong, rules-based and transparent multilateral trading system”. On security and international conflicts, she affirmed her country’s commitment to preventing conflict, early action and respect for international law. She went on to demand an end to Israel’s occupation of Palestine and the implementation of a two-State solution, while also denouncing the Russian Federation’s illegal annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol, demanding the restoration of Ukraine’s territorial integrity and sovereignty.

She went on to warn against threats to use nuclear weapons, and praised the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (commonly known as the Non-Proliferation Treaty) as successful in preventing the spread of nuclear weapons. As for the Korean Peninsula, she demanded “complete, verifiable and irreversible denuclearization and peace and reconciliation, through diplomatic means”. She also called for full implementation of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action between Iran and the five permanent members of the Security Council plus Germany, and proposed dialogue to restore trust. Concerning poverty, she pointed out that more than 140 million people need life-saving humanitarian assistance, noting that Sweden is one of the largest contributors.

MARCELO EBRARD CASAUBÓN, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Mexico, said the newly elected administration of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador is embarking on the fourth major transformation in his country’s history. Among other priorities, it seeks to end corruption, separate economic power from political power, reduce inequality, increase growth and shape a safer and more peaceful society. “Mexico has recovered its self-confidence,” he said, emphasizing its ambition to deepen its contribution to multilateralism in the face of today’s difficult times. For that reason, Mexico has put forward its candidacy to serve as a non-permanent member of the Security Council in 2021, he said.

He went on to note that his country’s foreign policy is guided by the principles of non-intervention, self-determination and the peaceful resolution of disputes, and he rejected the long-standing blockade imposed by the United States against Cuba as well as the imposition of sanctions more broadly. On climate change, he warned that there can be no excuses for failing to act. Noting that Latin America has one of the world’s largest migratory flows, he expressed support for the new United Nations-supported Comprehensive Development Plan aimed at overcoming challenges in Honduras, Guatemala and El Salvador. Migration should be an option, never forced on people as a result of development or security concerns, he stressed, pointing out that the proposed initiative aims to create more than 60,000 jobs in the region in one year.

Mexico considers itself a feminist nation and seeks gender equity as the very basis of an equal society, he said, adding that it also staunchly defends the rights and freedoms of individuals, including those relating to sexual preference, he added. Pointing out that many Mexican citizens were among the victims of the white- supremacism-driven attack in the United States border city of El Paso last month, he said it was modelled after the attack that targeted Muslims in Christchurch, New Zealand. “We need a war of rationality to combat these ideas that jeopardize the very basis of our coexistence, not only in nations but around the world,” he emphasized, calling for the strengthening of multilateralism and the containment of unilateral tendencies “that are springing up everywhere”. To achieve those ends, the United Nations — the home of the best causes in the world — must be strengthened urgently, he stressed.

UNITY DOW, Minister for International Affairs and Cooperation of Botswana, emphasized the need to redouble global efforts to effectively tackle poverty and inequality, which remain endemic in developing countries, including middle-income ones. Recalling Botswana’s presentation of its voluntary national review to the High-Level Political Forum on Sustainable Development in 2017, she said the country continues its efforts to combat poverty and inequality, directing significant resources towards inclusive development and economic growth. Among other priorities, it is addressing youth unemployment, rising social and economic inequality, climate change and unsustainable patterns of consumption and production, she said, adding that Botswana’s voluntary national review also spotlighted the significant financing gap undermining implementation.

Calling attention to the role of public-private partnerships in bridging such resource gaps, she went on to call for an enabling environment that would ensure the ability of all countries to participate in a fair and rules-based global trading system. Stressing Botswana’s attention to improving quality education, she outlined national efforts to combat the cross-cutting threat of climate change, which has led to desertification, heatwaves and recurrent droughts across much of Africa. Botswana and some of its neighbours have declared 2019 a drought year, she said, pointing out that Mozambique, Malawi and Zimbabwe all endured the catastrophic effects of Cyclone Idai. Against that backdrop, she noted Botswana’s commitment to the 2015 Paris Agreement and its pledge to reduce greenhouse gas emission by 15 per cent by 2030.

She went on to call attention to Botswana’s outstanding wildlife-preservation record but noted that contact between humans and wildlife — in particular, the proliferation of an unmanageable elephant population — has become an urgent challenge. The Government is working with neighbouring States under the auspices of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to find sustainable solutions. It proposed a one-off sale of ivory, which was regrettably rejected, she said, adding that attempts to extend the scope of the Convention in a way that would infringe on sovereignty were equally disheartening. Calling more broadly for greater attention to the challenges and needs of least developed countries and those in special situations, she also expressed support for such multilateral processes as the Arms Trade Treaty, the Global Counter-Terrorism Coordination Compact and the Kimberley process for conflict-free diamond certification.

NALEDI PANDOR, Minister for International Relations and Cooperation of South Africa, recalled that the issue of Apartheid South Africa’s discriminatory policies was included as an agenda item in the first session of the General Assembly in 1946. She went on to note the importance of multilateralism in dealing with the prevailing challenges in a globalizing world. Achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the aspirations of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 requires partnership with the private sector and civil society organizations, she said. Expressing concern that her country exhibits some of the worst forms of violence against women, she stressed that intolerance is the biggest obstacle to building a world free from poverty and equality.

Strongly condemning the violence in the provinces of Gauteng and KwaZulu-Natal, she outlined South Africa’s efforts to fight crime and lawlessness while ensuring that arrested criminals face justice. She also emphasized her country’s commitment to curbing illegal immigration and ensuring that migrants and asylum-seekers are documented and safe. South Africa has enjoyed democracy for 25 years, she noted, reminding delegates of the Assembly’s struggle against apartheid and its support for the liberation movements, while condemning all forms of racism and xenophobia. She went on to stress that the threat of poverty demands a transformation of the global economy’s current structure, which perpetuates divisions between the global North and the global South. While a few enjoy the benefits of globalization, most of the world’s people have not reaped its benefits, she added.

While pledging that South Africa will use its tenure on the Security Council to promote the maintenance of international peace and security by advocating for the peaceful settlement of disputes and inclusive dialogue, she nevertheless criticized the “undemocratic and anachronistic” nature of the United Nations, calling for Security Council reform and demanding two permanent and five non-permanent seats for Africa. She went on to predict that the adoption of the African Continental Free Trade Area Agreement will unleash the continent’s economic potential. Stressing the need for a coordinated response to climate change, she urged all States to help stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations. She further called for nuclear disarmament and irreversible dismantlement of nuclear weapons. Calling attention to Israel’s illegal settlement activity and the insecurity for both Israelis and Palestinians, she called for a negotiated settlement, while condemning unilateral sanctions against Cuba.

C. PETER DAVID, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Labour of Grenada, expressed his country’s commitment to the United Nations and its principles, outlined in the Charter of the United Nations on the basis of peace, equality, justice, human rights and multilateralism. Today’s challenges can only be solved through multilateral efforts, he said, while emphasizing that climate change is the biggest one for small island developing States like Grenada. The Bahamas experience contains many lessons and imperatives for adaptation and reconstruction for small vulnerable States, he added, while lamenting the limited access to, and ever-increasing competition for, financing for climate action and development. In that regard, he announced the creation of a small island developing States Foundation with the goal of mobilizing the funding and resources required to finance adaptation in a manner that does not create fiscal stress on the economy.

Pointing out the “strong relationship between climate change and poverty”, he said the most vulnerable countries are the ones most negatively impacted”. As for Grenada’s internal economy, he said that it grew by 5.2 per cent in 2018, attributing that growth to a structural adjustment programme and a national strategy for the elimination of poverty. He went on to explain that advances in education, including the establishment of skills-training centres and entrepreneurship programmes, helped to bridge the gap between education and employment. As for finance, he declared that the unilateral and premature graduation of many small island developing States to middle-income status without considering the region’s vulnerabilities has resulted in significant budgetary shortfalls that adversely affect economic and social development.

He went on to criticize the withdrawal of correspondent banking services to member States of the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) as “an economic assault that would destabilize the financial sector of our already vulnerable economies”, he said. CARICOM members must also deal with the blacklisting of some of their banking institutions as money launderers and their countries as tax havens, he added. He went on to call for an end to the embargo against Cuba and to express concern over events in Venezuela, urging meaningful dialogue among that country’s citizens and a peaceful solution.

JOHN M. SILK, Minister for Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Marshall Islands, said the concerns of the world’s most vulnerable people and countries risk being overlooked at the United Nations in a time of inward-looking global politics. “The Marshallese people know this from our experience,” he said, recalling that the United Nations twice disregarded his country’s petitions against resolutions authorizing nuclear detonations, in 1954 and 1956. “As a UN Human Rights Council Rapporteur affirmed in 2012, this is not just a gravely difficult legacy, but a contemporary reality which continues to impact our human rights,” he said, pointing out that inaction by Member States on climate change is another illustration of how the human rights concerns of those most in need are overlooked.

He went on to emphasize that, as an atoll and small island developing State only one metre above sea level, the Marshall Islands have been forced to discontinue nation-building so as to focus on “nation-saving”, he said. “This is not academic,” he emphasized. “It is real. It is now. And it imperils our future, our security and our core human rights.” On fishing and the oceans, he said his country looks forward to negotiating a treaty on biodiversity beyond national jurisdiction under the Convention on the Law of the Sea, while expressing deep concern about the encroachment of foreign vessels in Marshall Islands waters. “As my President told the Group of Seven (G7) last year, illegal fishing is not only an economic menace, but a threat to sovereignty.”

Underlining the Pacific Islands Forum’s support for the Boe Declaration as the defining regional security framework, he deplored a recent resolution involving that regional intergovernmental organization at the General Assembly as “a sad moment for both the Pacific region and the United Nations”. He went on to touch on public health concerns, welcoming the World Health Organization’s support for the development of “island-tailored strategies” to tackle communicable and non-communicable diseases, as well as UNICEF’s help in addressing childhood stunting. Concerning the Sustainable Development Goals, he requested targeted United Nations assistance, noting that his country’s Government is simply overwhelmed by the sheer scale of the global indicator framework. He went on to stress the importance of the Secretary-General’s proposed establishment of a United Nations multi-country office in the North Pacific, while calling for Taiwan’s “meaningful participation” in the United Nation system.

SUZI CARLA BARBOSA, Minister for Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation and Communities of Guinea-Bissau, declared: “There can be no national or special interest group that come before the interests of preserving our planet and combating organized crime.” Guinea-Bissau’s ambitious governance programmes emphasize reducing poverty, promoting quality education, youth entrepreneurship, empowering women and creating a more just and inclusive society, she said. Expressing full support for the Political Declaration on Universal Health Coverage adopted on 23 September, she recalled that Guinea-Bissau exempted all pregnant women and children under five from paying for health services beginning in 2014. However, the unequivocal and urgent support of regional and international partners will be needed to make such measures last.

Outlining efforts to consolidate political stability following Guinea-Bissau’s legislative elections in March, while also reforming and strengthening State institutions, she said absolute gender parity has already been achieved in politics. However, “these hopeful signs do not hide our condition as an institutionally fragile post-conflict State with sparse financial resources”, she said, describing the complex political situation and the persisting external and internal threats. Calling upon the international community to play a central stabilizing role, she pledged Guinea-Bissau’s commitment to multilateralism and to the pursuit of a shared global peace. However, organized crime networks continue to pose a grave threat, she said, citing attempts to use Guinea-Bissau’s territory as a transit hub for illegal drugs, as evidenced by the record recent seizures by the national police. “This is certainly not a national phenomenon,” she stressed, citing the exploitation of Guinea-Bissau’s fragility and calling for the strengthening of mechanisms used to monitor its political process.

Adding her voice to the many calls for reforming the Security Council and making the organ better reflect today’s geopolitical realities, she echoed the African Union’s common position in support of two permanent seats and five non-permanent seats for the continent. Spotlighting the current situation in the Sahel region as the perfect illustration of the devastating danger terrorism poses to the world, she appealed to the international community to provide the necessary financing to ensure the operational readiness of the Group of Five (G5) Sahel Multi-National Joint Task Force tasked with combating that challenge. “More than a regional threat, it affects the whole continent and may adversely impact world peace,” she warned. Meanwhile, national implementation of the 2030 Agenda must be rooted in people’s specific cultures, she emphasized, explaining that Guinea-Bissau, a coastal archipelago vulnerable to climate change, is betting on green, inclusive growth with a focus on preserving its biodiversity.

KHALID BIN AHMED AL-KHALIFA, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Bahrain, outlined his country’s many initiatives undertaken in pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals, notably the signing of a first-of-its-kind framework partnership agreement with United Nations agencies. The World Health Organization (WHO) recently awarded Prince Khalifa Bin Salman Al Khalifa, the Prime Minister, with the first-ever Global Leaders Healthcare Award, he recalled. Meanwhile, Bahraini women have registered successive achievements over the past decades, with the first female Speaker of Parliament elected recently, he said. Spotlighting his country’s strong focus on education, he said it also works to protect human rights and freedoms, including by combating human trafficking. As for other priorities, especially securing peace and eliminating terrorism, he said events in such countries as Syria, Yemen and Libya “affect us all”.

He went on to say that the instability caused by the collapse of State institutions has aggravated the global problem of migrants and refugee flows, providing a fertile environment for the emergence of terrorist groups. Collective action is needed if peace and stability are to prevail, he stressed, calling for all such efforts to be guided by the United Nations Charter principles of good-neighbourliness, mutual respect and non-interference in the internal affairs of States. Calling attention to the question of Palestine, he said it must be considered and dealt with as a political matter. The global community must shoulder its responsibility by compelling Israel to abide by its international obligations, he stressed. As for threats posed by terrorism perpetuated by Iran, he said the Iranian regime and its terrorist Revolutionary Guard have a bleak record of violating international rules while creating and supporting terrorist militias.

They also attempt repeatedly to incite anarchy and sedition or to interfere in the internal affairs of countries across the region, including Bahrain, and have continued their unlawful occupation of three Emirati islands, he continued. He went on to emphasize Bahrain’s commitment to Gulf Cooperation Council efforts to salvage Yemen in the face of threats posed by the Iran-supported Houthi militia. He also asked States not to overlook the dangerous role played by the terrorist Hizbullah group in spreading extremism and terrorism, inciting hatred and furthering the Iranian agenda across the region. He went on to hail the joint communiqué issued by the United Kingdom, France and Germany, assigning responsibility for recent attacks against Saudi Arabia’s oil facilities to Iran and outlining the need to review the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action on that country’s nuclear programme.

ABDULLAH BIN ZAYED AL NAHYAN, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the United Arab Emirates, citing his country’s participation in regional and international efforts to reach political solutions to the crises in the Middle East, said that strengthening multilateralism is the most effective approach to address transnational challenges. This approach, however, has not succeeded in resolving existing crises or preventing new ones, and therefore, the international community must examine why international efforts have stalled. The world now witnesses a normalization of interference in States’ internal affairs, and a growing presence of extremist and terrorist groups have developed their capabilities with support from rogue States seeking to destabilize the region. Attacks such as those on Saudi Arabian oil facilities threaten regional security and the stability of the global economy, he said, emphasizing the need to restore reason, protect maritime navigation and energy supplies, and find sustainable solutions based on respect for sovereignty.

Further weakening the efforts of multilateralism, he continued, is the inadequate enforcement of international law and Security Council resolutions and a disregard for the role played by regional organizations in supporting political solutions. He stated that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, for example, should have taken regional views into consideration and should have addressed all aspects of Iran’s behaviour, including its interference in the internal affairs of other States, its development of a ballistic missile programme and its provision of arms to terrorist groups. “We are speaking here,” he stressed, “about a country that seeks to export its revolution.”

To achieve sustainable solutions that serve the interest of the region, he stated that the international community should strengthen the implementation of international law and the United Nations Charter. On this, he reiterated his country’s legitimate sovereignty over the islands of Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa and demanded that Iran return them. He also called for enhancing the effectiveness of political action to ease tensions and resolve crises, and commended Morocco’s efforts to find a political solution to the question of the Moroccan Sahara. The Palestinian cause will remain the central issue of the Arab world, and he called for a solution that enables Palestinians to establish an independent State with East Jerusalem as its capital. With hard work and unified global efforts, he concluded, the international community can achieve regional stability.

YOUSUF BIN ALAWI BIN ABDALLAH, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Oman, said that his country will always support initiatives that help achieve peace, security and stability in the Middle East. “It’s high time for putting out fires in the region,” he said. The continuation of such raging fires threatens international peace and security, creates enormous economic, social and security challenges in the region and spurs violence, extremism, terrorism and a continued wave of displacement and migration. The United Nations and the international community should take serious action to end such instability. All disputing parties should rise above their differences and adopt approaches that maintain unity, cohesion, dignity and decent livelihoods for all. In this regard, he welcomed the peaceful political compromises reached in Sudan and the signing of documents on the transitional civilian authority, and applauded regional mediation efforts.

Oman is concerned about the maritime traffic in the Strait of Hormuz, which borders the country. Oman calls on all States to respect the navigational separation zones, in accordance with articles 37, 38 and 39 of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. All parties should resolve differences through diplomatic means, which would spare the region any negative repercussions on the freedom of navigation, international trade and the world economy. States with interests in using the Strait should strive for “peaceful compromises as the ideal means to maintain the stability and safety of maritime navigation”.

Oman supports all efforts to reach a political solution in Yemen, particularly efforts undertaken by the United Nations, he continued. The emphasis should be on ending the war in Yemen and maintaining the security and stability of that country. Due to its geographic proximity and deep historical, social and cultural ties to Yemen, Oman will continue humanitarian aid to the brotherly country. He called on the international community and all parties concerned to follow suit by providing unfettered access to aid, without exception, through all ports, airports and points of entry and exit. The establishment of a sovereign Palestinian State, with East Jerusalem as its capital, alongside Israel is also needed to achieve regional peace, security and stability. “Failure to establish a Palestinian State would result in continuing violence and terror,” he said.

RASHID MEREDOV, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of Turkmenistan, said the balance between national interests and those of the international community are crucial to resolving challenges. Establishing and confirming trust and predictability are key to constructive relations in the global sphere. His Government understands its responsibility in building peace and put forward a resolution declaring 2021 as the International Year of Peace and Trust, which was adopted by the United Nations. This requires preventive diplomacy, and he cited the United Nations Regional Centre for Preventive Diplomacy for Central Asia as key in tackling issues such as eradicating terrorism, organized crime and management of water resources.

He noted that Turkmenistan declared its neutrality on 12 December 1995, a date now adopted by the United Nations as the International Day of Neutrality. Practical application of that principle would entail holding United Nations mediation in the territories of neutral countries. He called for broad multilateral dialogue on applying that principle to settling international issues.

Stating that partnership on the issue of transportation is a priority for his country, he said that international cooperation in that domain should focus on roads and railways linking countries and continents. His Government is keenly focused on the environment, especially preserving the Caspian Sea as a unique environmental area and extending those initiatives to preserving the Aral Sea basin. The international community must step up its efforts and uphold commitments regarding climate change, he said, noting that, during the recent Climate Summit, Turkmenistan President Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow approved a new national strategy on the issue. Managing water resources is an obvious priority, including on the political and social side, requiring a pooling of States’ efforts. To that end, subsidiary interests must give way to a global perspective. Fair and equal access to water resources is a fundamental human right, and water matters must be governed by mutual respect, consent and the interests of all States. Turkmenistan is against the building of new hydroelectric facilities on river waterways.

SALEUMXAY KOMMASITH, Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Lao People’s Democratic Republic, said his country has experienced unexpected heavy rainfalls as a result of tropical storm Podul. Recognizing the importance of combating climate change, the Government is focusing on implementing the Paris Agreement and integrating climate change and natural disaster risk reduction into its national socio-economic development plan. At the regional level, it is joining common efforts to address the impact of climate change. He called on developed countries and all development partners to honour their commitment to contribute $100 billion annually to support developing countries’ mitigation and adaption needs.

Stressing the importance of multilateralism and regional and international cooperation, he welcomed repositioning the United Nations development system so it can respond effectively to Member States’ development needs and priorities. The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) has enjoyed long-lasting peace, security and stability — a favourable condition for the socio-economic development of all the bloc’s members. On the question of Palestine, he reiterated his Government’s hope that the long overdue Israel-Palestinian conflict will be resolved peacefully and in accordance with Security Council resolutions.

Unilateral sanctions hamper the development of countries, he continued, calling for the lifting of the embargo on Cuba “so that this sovereign country and its people can enjoy freedom to participate in economic and trade relations”. The 2030 Agenda is vital in the development of all countries, but progress remains slow as a result of capacity limitation and funding constraints. Enhancing market access for agricultural produce is critical, as is the mobilization of domestic resources, he said.

WILFRED P. ELRINGTON, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Belize, said there was a time when category 5 storms were an anomaly; now they are the new norm. It is crucial that the international community seeks to halve global emissions from 2010 levels by 2030, phases out the use of coal and achieves net-zero emissions by 2050. “The solutions lie within our grasp,” he emphasized, noting that Belize’s electricity is derived from renewable sources. Measures are also being undertaken which will result in large-scale reforestation. “We believe that Governments must lead the way with the highest possible ambition in line with the Paris goals,” he emphasized. The science is clear and compelling. The world is in a state of emergency. The failure of those with historic responsibility to act has already resulted in lost opportunities for the most vulnerable.

While small island developing States are far behind in achieving their sustainable development objectives, climate change has shut the window of opportunity for all, he stressed. A swift response is needed from the international community and the United Nations system to enable these States to access grant and concessionary finance from which “incredibly we are completely shut out”, he said. Small island developing States require a specific resilience fund and the endorsement of debt-for-nature swaps to channel investments into much needed adaptation initiatives. Belize will remain committed to supporting efforts to protect 30 per cent of the world’s oceans by 2030, and to finalize an agreement in 2020 for marine biological diversity of areas beyond national jurisdiction.

“Multilateralism itself is under threat,” he said, emphasizing that the United Nations development system needs to be better aligned with the sustainable development priorities of the countries it services. Its priority should focus on enhancing the delivery of development gains for people on the ground. The deliberate policies and actions of countries which give rise to armed conflict or which result in the imposition of sanctions, economic embargos and blockades invariably result in the strangulation and destruction of the economics of the targeted countries and stymie their development. These draconian measures affect not only countries, but entire regions, leading to humanitarian crises, mass irregular migration and human exploitation. He expressed solidarity with the Palestinian, Cuban and Venezuelan people, as well as those of Western Sahara. Turning to Guatemala’s territorial claim to his country, he noted the decision to submit the claims on Belize to the International Court of Justice.

TEODORO LOCSIN, JR., Secretary for Foreign Affairs of the Philippines, said that the demise of multilateralism is being predicted because strong Governments have been elected that talk tough and brush aside United Nations demands. But strong Government is better -it can get things done, if it remains constitutional. “Firm is good and severity is justified; but all within the law,” he said. The trend towards strong Governments does not change the democratic character of those Governments. The world might dislike these electoral results, but the people back home are happy with their choices, and they are the ones who choose their Government, not the United Nations. It is said that States erode multilateralism by asserting excessive individual sovereignty, but States must protect their populations by any means necessary. The United Nations is not free to interfere with States protecting their citizens and stamping out threats. “The nations herein united should not let this platform be used to threaten others with accountability for taking a tough approach to crime,” he said.

In fact, the threat to multilateralism comes from its own vain attempts to usurp State functions, he continued, and return the world to the anarchy of the pre-war period preceding the United Nations. The Philippines knows that talking doesn’t hurt. The country is negotiating with China over the South China Sea, which is swarming with Chinese ships. No country in the region wants war, and all, including China, are signatories to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. The United Nations can stay relevant and be effective only by reflecting the realities of the times, however. In an increasingly complex global security situation, the Security Council must be reformed and expanded to be representative, “even as the risk of stasis”, he said. It must be democratic and act promptly. The United Nations must also reform itself financially to uphold accountability, transparency and sustainability.

In the Philippines, poverty fell 6 per cent from 2015 to 2018, he said. Moreover, this year, more than 27 million Filipinos received basic education, with over 600,000 out-of-school youth and adult learners benefiting from an alternative learning system. In addition, the Government has fought terrorism fiercely. It battled to retake the city of Marawi, “which left it looking like Swiss cheese”, because a leader of an Islamic jihadist group needed to be served with his arrest warrant for drug trafficking.

Elmar Maharram oglu Mammadyarov, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan, pointed out the international community’s common duty to promote and support a reformed, reinvigorated and strengthened multilateral system. However, a peaceful, just and prosperous world is not possible if universally accepted fundamental values, norms and principles are disregarded “so as to whitewash aggressions and other illegal actions”. Ignoring binding Security Council resolutions cannot be an accepted practice and all must uphold the uniform application of the purposes and principles of the Organization. He highlighted the multilateral efforts of the Non-Aligned Movement and its adherence to the Bandung Principles. Azerbaijan will host its next summit in October, he said, stressing that his country’s chairmanship will provide impetus for advancing the Movement’s founding principles.

Turning to the 2030 Agenda, he said States must regularly test themselves to identify the extent to which they are delivering on their commitments. As Azerbaijan recently became a member of the “Group of 77” developing countries, it stands ready to contribute to sustainable development through the promotion of economic cooperation. For its part, his country has implemented economic development programmes over the last 15 years and increased its gross domestic product (GDP) by a factor of 3.3. The Government has also adopted a social package covering more than 4 million people, reducing poverty and unemployment. Azerbaijan attaches particular importance to cultural diversity, and has hosted several major global events in recent years to strengthen dialogue and mutual understanding, such as the World Forum on Intercultural Dialogue. Addressing the needs of vulnerable segments of society continues to be at the core of Azerbaijan’s inclusive social policy.

Pointing out that Armenian aggression has resulted in the occupation of almost one fifth of Azerbaijani territory and the expulsion of more than 1 million of his people from their homes, he said that this conflict continues to undermine international and regional peace and security. Despite direct contact, the apparent lack of genuine interest by Armenian leadership impedes the conflict-resolution process and leaves no doubt as to Yerevan’s annexationist intentions. Rather, Armenia defends the unacceptable status-quo created through the unlawful use of force and resulting occupation, accompanied by war crimes and acts of genocide committed against the Azerbaijani civilian population and total ethnic cleansing of all non-Armenians from the occupied territories. The Security Council’s confirmation of Nagorno-Karabakh as an integral part of Azerbaijan and the Council’s demand for withdrawal of occupying forces from occupied territories remain unimplemented, but Azerbaijan remains committed to the earliest political settlement of the conflict. Negotiations cannot last forever, however, and Armenia must comply with its international obligations.

KYAW TINT SWE, Union Minister for the Office of the State Counsellor of Myanmar, said eradicating poverty in all its forms is the greatest global challenge, and his Government has cut it in half domestically, from 48.2 per cent in 2005 to 24.8 per cent in 2017. Myanmar is also one of its region’s fastest-growing economies with an annual growth rate of 6.8 per cent in 2018‑2019.

While the United Nations is at the heart of multilateralism, he said, it must avoid the mistake of unilaterally extending its powers without corresponding due diligence. Multilateral institutions should never be used as a tool targeting Member States. Such institutions should uphold the sovereignty of nations and no nation should feel its value in the United Nations depends on its material wealth or political influence. He noted Myanmar is undergoing a process of democratization, embracing political dialogue to solve internal conflicts peacefully. Ten armed ethnic groups have already signed the nationwide ceasefire agreement, although non-signatories remain. He said he shared the international community’s concern about the violence in Rakhine state, stating that attacks by the Arakhan Rohingya Salvation Army had triggered the current humanitarian crisis there. His Government prioritizes repatriation and is cooperating with Bangladesh, the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and ASEAN to that end.

He noted that the displaced persons in Cox’s Bazaar have a different legal status, but the Government is willing to repatriate them under a bilateral agreement between Myanmar and Bangladesh. However, he rejected pressure to set up a safe zone in the country as neither warranted nor workable. He called on Bangladesh to allow repatriation of those seeking to return, including 400 people of the Hindu faith. While not opposed to accountability for wrongdoing related to the outflow of displaced persons to Bangladesh, he said a proposed investigation by the International Criminal Court excludes alleged crimes by the Arakhan Rohingya Salvation Army and mischaracterizes the Myanmar criminal justice system. The International Criminal Court has no jurisdiction over Myanmar, he said. He dismissed the Darusman and Rosenthal reports as biased and flawed and rejected establishment of the United Nations Independent Investigative Mechanism for Myanmar to bring the country to tribunals. He asked Member States of the United Nations to differentiate between a genuine will to protect human rights and hijacking the issue for political purposes.

Tsogtbaatar Damdin, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Mongolia, said that although mounting challenges to multilateralism conjure a feeling of the pre-1990s world, the Cold War era is long past and countries today pursue growth, progress and prosperity for their own people within their own jurisdiction through international cooperation. Human beings believe that their reason is unshakeable and unlikely to yield to irrational urges. He cautioned, however, that this may be an erroneous overconfidence and that the international community should not forget that humans are social animals for whom “aggression and anger trigger counter-aggression and angry response”. Further, the world has yet to fully understand the social changes inherent to this technological era and faces the risk of the anger of a few exploding into mass irritation via social media. Rather than taking global peace for granted, we should not overestimate the strength of our reason and underestimate the risk posed by our animal instincts.

Turning to climate change, he pointed out that, while Mongolia — like many other developing countries — has contributed the least to global warming, annual mean temperature in his country has increased by 2.26ºC over the last 80 years. As a result, 77 per cent of its territory has been affected by desertification and land degradation; additionally, permafrost has decreased and more than 800 lakes have dried out. For its part, Mongolia is fulfilling its nationally determined contribution to reduce its greenhouse-gas emissions by 14 per cent and has introduced domestic feed-in tariffs for wind, solar and hydropower energy.

Mongolia will contribute not only to energy security, he continued, but also to peace and security in North-East Asia. As Mongolia is the only country in the region without unresolved issues with any other State, it aims to provide a neutral ground for constructive dialogue and engagement. He noted that the Ulaanbaatar Dialogue on North-East Asia has expanded its agenda to cover not only traditional security issues, but also those related to energy, infrastructure, green growth, investment and humanitarian cooperation. The security situation in the region remains complex, and Mongolia stands for a denuclearized Korean Peninsula. The world’s collective efforts must be redoubled, he concluded, to uphold and strengthen multilateralism and ensure that no one and no country is left behind.

JOSÉ CONDUNGUA ANTÓNIO PACHECO, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Mozambique, said sub-Saharan Africa, where his country is located, is a region with the largest number of disadvantaged people afflicted by multidimensional deprivations, including low income and reduced levels of access to education, health, food, water and sanitation. He reiterated that the spirit of the United Nations Charter states that the Organization’s main mission is to help put an end to prolonged insecurity and economic instability. Fundamentalism and violent extremism, as well as arms proliferation and trading of weapons, remains of great concern for Mozambique.

He called for the peaceful resolution of the dispute in Western Sahara through a referendum on the self-determination of its people, also expressing concern for the socioeconomic conditions facing the Palestinian people. He reiterated Mozambique’s appeal for a negotiated lasting resolution of the Palestinian issue through dialogue. Further, he appealed for the normalization of political, diplomatic and economic relations between Cuba and the United States. “The economic blockade against Cuba has no justification,” he said, also urging the lifting of sanctions against Zimbabwe.

Mozambique has incorporated the 2030 Agenda into its national programmes, he continued. It also has adopted an approach focused on protecting and respecting human rights, promoting gender equality and empowering women and girls. Extremely vulnerable to climate change, Mozambique experienced two very severe tropical cyclones earlier in the year, causing 689 deaths and the destruction of the economic and social fabric of parts of the country. Mozambique will remain committed to strengthening resilience to such disasters, under the terms of the Paris Agreement, as it also makes efforts to preserve its biodiversity and conserve a large swath of its national territory. On 6 August, Mozambique signed the Maputo Peace and National Reconciliation Agreement, he said, noting that its full implementation will allow the country to strengthen democracy and hold elections in October.

KAREN CUMMINGS, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Guyana, said her country is pursuing transformative action to secure itself as a modern, cohesive and prosperous State, implementing the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Guyana’s national road map to become a green State emphasizes environmental protection, prosperity and social cohesion and prepares the basis for every citizen’s involvement in sustaining a low-carbon trajectory of economic growth, she continued. As a low-lying coastal state, Guyana is particularly vulnerable to climate fluctuations. “We see daily evidence of the damage to the coastal zone, frequency of flooding in hinterland, and extreme meteorological events,” she said. In addition to being affected by climate change, Guyana has long been committed to leading to help mitigate the global menace, by signing the Paris Agreement and taking ambitious national action, particularly in partnership with Norway, which includes creating a greenhouse gas inventory and integrating climate change into the academic curricula, among other projects.

Guyana has had among the highest consistent economic growth in its region for several years, and much progress has been made in consolidating democratic norms and the rule of law, she said. Guyana has also responded generously to refugees fleeing Venezuela and to neighbouring CARICOM States devasted by natural disasters. In July, Guyana presented its inaugural voluntary national review to the High-Level Political Forum. The report demonstrated significant progress, particularly on several goals, and reaffirmed Guyana’s commitment to greater focus on quality education as a key entry point to develop synergies across the 2030 Agenda. The country stands on the verge of becoming a new oil-producing nation “with its attendant significant opportunities and challenges”. President Granger has declared a Decade of Development for All Guyanese, focused on enhanced educational outcomes at all levels and promotion of gender equality and women’s empowerment.

Guyana welcomes the ongoing negotiations on Security Council reform to ensure greater effectiveness, representation and legitimacy, she continued. The United Nations is united on the principles of the sovereign equality of all States, respect for the territorial integrity of every State, and the peaceful resolution of disputes between States. However, Venezuela continues to disregard international law in its dispute with Guyana, which still hopes for justice from the International Court of Justice. She expressed disappointment at the limited progress towards a two-State solution, with people of Palestine living in dignity in their own State, alongside Israel. She deplored the events in Myanmar that have led to the displacement and suffering of the Rohingya population, calling on the international community to take the necessary steps to ensure the safety of the affected populations. She also called for the removal of the trade and economic embargo against Cuba.

DENIS RONALDO MONCADA COLINDRES, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Nicaragua, said that his country and others in Central America are among the most vulnerable on the planet, suffering the serious consequences of climate change. In this regard, he urged the international community to adopt measures that curb global warming. Based on the principle of common but differentiated responsibility, Nicaragua has taken steps to ensure its own contribution to the well-being of the planet. UNICEF has recognized his Government for its achievements in economic and social policies. UNICEF has also recognized Nicaragua’s broad legal framework that protects the human rights of children and adolescents. Since 2009, Nicaragua has reduced poverty by 17.6 per cent and extreme poverty by 7.7 per cent, he added.

Transformation of the United Nations is indispensable, he continued, also underscoring that the Organization’s Headquarters should be transferred from New York to the African continent. The recent expulsion by the United States of two representatives of Cuba are yet another example that the United Nations needs a profound transformation so that it can meet its global obligations without limitations set by other Member States. “We express our rejection and condemnation for the expulsion of two Cuban diplomats from the United Nations Headquarters in New York,” he reiterated, calling the act a clear violation of international law.

Condemning the United States blockade of Cuba, he said Nicaragua rejected all coercive economic measures that seek to break the will and spirit of people and Governments around the world. He reiterated “militant solidarity” with Venezuela and the constitutional and legitimate Government of President Maduro. He said the Inter-American Reciprocal Assistance Treaty is obsolete and an instrument designed by the United States to threaten countries. Nicaragua stands in solidarity with the Palestinians, the people of the Western Sahara, Puerto Rico and with the Falkland Islands (Malvinas)*, which belong to Argentina. He defended the principles of independence and sovereignty, reiterating calls to end all policies of interference.

Mohammed Abdullah Al-Hadhrami, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Yemen, said his heart is full of sorrow about the circumstances currently plaguing his country. Yemen — a prosperous, proud country — is today gravely wounded by Houthi militias supported by Iran, the “main sponsor of terrorism throughout the world”. Iran’s expansionist agenda under which it exploits the resources of its people to wage proxy war using militias capable of the most heinous forms of destruction and sabotage constitutes a coup d’état against Yemen. These militias attack Yemen’s people and steal its resources, stifle all forms of dissent, plant landmines in violation of international law and have destroyed the dream of his country’s people.

Grateful for the support of Saudi Arabia in containing the untold violence in his country, he stated that the heroic Yemeni armed forces work to restore the Government and its institutions. In this, they face myriad, direct military attacks by Emirati air assets in violation of international law — attacks which undermine Yemen’s stability. Iran and its Houthi militias represent a grave threat to international security, and he stated that Iran is a rogue State which fails to respect international law and honour its obligations as a Member State of the United Nations. Iran has wrought havoc on the Arab Peninsula and has armed and trained the Houthi militias who perpetrate abuse and torture. He condemned the attack on Saudi Arabian oil facilities and called for the perpetrators of this attack against the international economy to be held accountable.

Yemen does not call for war, he stressed, but rather for stability. While Yemen supports the United Nations process and the efforts of the Special Envoy for Yemen and has contributed to all efforts to achieve peace, the militias have remained intransigent. The world must prompt the militias to honour their obligations, and the Houthis must withdraw from Al-Hudaydah and its port, release their prisoners and lift the blockade against the city of Taiz. Condemning Israeli colonialist activities, he said that Palestinians have a right to an independent State with East Jerusalem as its capital and supported the efforts of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) to deliver assistance to Palestinian refugees.

BOCCHIT EDMOND, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Haiti, said the future of humanity hinges on the implementation of the 2030 Agenda. “If we fail to respect the many commitments that we freely undertook, we may never see the world we — the people — have been calling for” since the creation of the United Nations. He urged all Member States to reboot and mobilize around the principles of the Charter. This session’s General Assembly has been characterized by calls for multilateralism. These discussions are a reminder to the Organization and all Member States of the path towards sustainable development and global peace. Spotlighting the alarming increase in the number and scale of forest fires, he cautioned that “everyone’s welfare and the preservation of our planet” are at stake. He expressed solidarity with the Bahamas, noting that his Government is doing its best to aid those affected by the recent hurricane that hit that country.

In this connection, special attention must be paid to small island developing States who do not have the resources to deal with the many challenges facing them. Ending poverty in all its forms everywhere is crucial, he stressed, noting that efforts made globally to do so are far from what is needed. “We will never reverse this trend” without huge financial and resource mobilization, he stressed. “It is through education more than anything else that we can tangibly guarantee economic and social progress for all,” he said. Young people are the ones who will build the future. More attention must also be focused on tackling the various forms of inequality, which “widen the gap between us”. Haiti’s pressing need for recovery and long-term development is still huge and requires massive investments in infrastructure, education, heath, reforestation and agriculture production.

Haiti has for several months been grappled with a complex political reality, he continued. “The President is aware of his heavy responsibility and has therefore extended a hand to all stakeholders in the nation with the view of safeguarding our democratic gains,” he said. The President is holding consultations with national institutions to facilitate dialogue between the executive branch and social and economic sectors. Several United Nations missions on the ground recently took stock of the enormous challenges facing Haiti, he said, noting the mandate of the new United Nations Integrated Office in Haiti, which will advise the Government on good governance. Turning to the cholera epidemic in his country which caused the death of tens of thousands of people, he said that swift United Nations action could have saved many lives. More resources are needed to effectively tackle the epidemic, she stressed.

Jean-Claude Gakosso, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Congo, reflected on the alarming international context of today, including the emergence of obsolete ideologies that fly in the face of humanism, mounting intolerance, the glorification of identity-based isolationism, the normalization of hate speech and the spectre of a new arms race. These issues create a risk of real armed conflict that Member States must not continue to sweep under the rug. To be on the right side of history, he urged, the international community must respect diversity, embrace mutual understanding, welcome peace and friendship, stand up for reciprocal tolerance and stand a great distance from egotism, fanaticism, contempt and hatred.

Turning to the 2030 Agenda, he detailed Congo’s fight against poverty and the Government’s national development plan. He stressed the importance of universal access to health care, pointing to major health dangers that threaten to decimate entire populations in Africa and the region. Of these, the overriding danger is Ebola, which the World Health Organization (WHO) has declared a world health emergency. This disease ravages the region, and he called on the international community to mobilize as never before to deliver adequate support to the Democratic Republic of the Congo as both financial and human means are critical for a robust and effective response. He also decried the counterfeit medicine being “showered upon the wretched of the Earth” and called on the world to hold manufacturers accountable for their “sordid agenda of mass poisoning”.

The world must close ranks to fight climate change head on, and he called for the international community to support the Congo Basin Blue Fund. This fund must be operational, he urged, to protect the second green lung of the planet and because it represents a benchmark for global policies that purport to protect ecosystems. Congo also welcomes positive political developments in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and that peace is on the agenda in the Central African Republic. He condemned the fighting in Tripoli and urged the international community to take action aimed at immediately ending the violence, resuming dialogue and initiating national reconciliation. He also called on “those with whom responsibility lies” to end the anachronistic embargo on Cuba. The United Nations should be rejuvenated, he concluded, and a deft restructuring is necessary — particularly of the Security Council — so that the Organization is better-tailored to reflect the requirements of our time.

Right of Reply

The representative of Guatemala rejected the assertion made by the Minister for Foreign Affairs of Belize over a territorial dispute with his country. Out of respect for the Member States in the room who have convened to discuss important and relevant issues, “it is improper that Belize seeks us to look into issues which are not within the purview of this Assembly”, he said. There is no need to raise this issue in the Assembly as it has already been referred to the International Court of Justice. He called on Belize to refrain from undermining this process.

The representative of Indonesia, responding to the speaker for Vanuatu’s statement, said that the country continues to question Papua and its place in Indonesia. He asked Vanuatu if it has bothered to have a deeper looker into Papua’s status. “If not, I suggest you read all the historical files,” he added. Correct and legal understanding of the facts are crucial so that Vanuatu does not repeat the same mistake again. Since the declaration of Indonesian independence, Papua has been a part of Indonesia. “It is a done deal,” he stressed, recalling the Assembly resolution that settled this matter. Vanuatu wants to give the impression that it is concerned with human rights issues. But its real motive is supporting a separatist agenda. Vanuatu’s provocation has caused the destruction of infrastructure, homes, and, worst of all, it has caused lives to perish. Indonesia will respect the differences and local wisdom of each group in the country.

The representative of Armenia said that Azerbaijan’s Foreign Minister today tried to justify his country’s destructive position on Nagorno-Karabakh. This hostile rhetoric should serve as an early warning sign to the international community. If not properly addressed, this inflammatory statement could encourage Azerbaijan to commit war crimes and crimes against humanity. The people of Nagorno-Karabakh continue to face existential threat. For three decades, they have resisted coercive policy and the use of force. There is no alternative to a peaceful, negotiated settlement. Armenia will not allow yet another genocide of the Armenian people on its territory. One cannot constantly insist on manipulating the wording of Security Council resolutions. The principle of equal rights and self-determination and the decision on the final legal status of Nagorno-Karabakh is essential to the peace process. The Foreign Minister of Azerbaijan made an unsuccessful attempt to portray his Government as a multicultural country, he said, expressing concern about Azerbaijan’s open promulgation of hate against Armenians. The anti-Armenian propaganda has led to the radicalization of youth. In Azerbaijan, human rights are violated, and free media are non-existent.

The representative of Pakistan, responding to the speaker for India’s statement, said that India has a “sketchy understanding of history”, spotlighting the hardships and discrimination faced by non-Hindus in India. India is far from being a so-called vibrant democracy. Those who assassinated Mahatma Gandhi are now busy killing the idea of a secular India. When Pakistan’s Prime Minister spoke on Friday, he put a spotlight on India’s egregious treatment of minorities. “What we heard in response was an attempt to divert from the reality,” he said, adding that it is strange that a country which has been engaged in State terrorism has the gall to accuse others of terrorism. Repression of people under occupation is the gravest example of terrorism. India should seek answers from its own terrorists and masterminds of pogroms. The Indian representative did not mention the dire plight of the Kashmiris who have lived in total darkness for 53 days. He asked: Why does the Indian State not allow the Kashmiri people to speak out? The reality is that the Kashmiris are living through a dire humanitarian situation in occupied Jammu and Kashmir.

The representative of the United Arab Emirates said that her country has always called for a de-escalation of the situation in Yemen and for dialogue to diffuse the tensions there. She reaffirmed the importance of dialogue under the aegis of Saudi Arabia and stressed that her country’s objective to support the Yemeni Government against the Houthis and to fight terrorism broadly speaking remain unchanged. The United Arab Emirates has the right to defend itself and will take the measures necessary to protect the forces of the Arab coalition and to ensure that terrorist groups like Al-Qaida and Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/Da’esh) cannot continue to conduct attacks in Yemen.

The representative of Azerbaijan said that the fact that new Armenian authorities blame their predecessors for authoritarian rule and for suppression of human rights confirms what Azerbaijan has said from the beginning. He stressed that this new Government should not be seen differently from previous Armenian regimes because of its persistent denial of war crimes and genocide perpetrated against Azerbaijan. The Nagorno-Karabakh region has always been and will remain an integral part of Azerbaijan. Armenia’s promotion of self-determination for that region is unlawful under international law as the Security Council confirmed that the region is an integral part of Azerbaijan and demanded withdrawal of occupying forces from the occupied territories. The regime Armenia set up in Nagorno-Karabakh is under Yerevan’s direction and control and is therefore nothing more than a product of aggression, racial discrimination, ethnic cleansing and the unlawful use of force. Armenia abuses the peace process, he concluded, to pursue its colonialist and annexationist practices.

The representative of Armenia said that Azerbaijan whitewashes the dire human rights situation in that country, and that Azerbaijan’s alternative history of the world denies the people of Nagorno-Karabakh the right to life. When assessing a State’s commitment to human rights, he stressed, it is not the number of national minorities that matter, but instead how the State protects their rights. Referring to a large-scale offensive in April 2016, he stated that Azerbaijan perpetrated “ISIL-style” executions, including decapitation and body mutilation. The only remaining part of Armenian cultural heritage in Baku, he stressed, is a church that the Government tolerates for its photogenic value.

The representative of Azerbaijan said that the successive Governments of Armenia have committed war crimes and crimes against humanity and have raised territorial claims against its neighbours. Allegations of discrimination and dissemination of hate propaganda are beneath criticism. Armenia has expelled all non-Armenians from its territory. Against this background, Armenia’s accusations are evidence of a false sense of reality. Hence, any statement by Armenia on democracy and the peaceful settlement of the conflict are preposterous.

*A dispute exists between the Governments of Argentina and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland concerning sovereignty over the Falkland Islands (Malvinas).

For information media. Not an official record.

Les autres rapporteurs avertissent que le débat de l'Assemblée générale se poursuit – renforcement du multilatéralisme pour faire face aux défis mondiaux difficiles, mais pas à la souveraineté. ☏ garantie santé entreprise
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